The Yoruba and Fulani occupants of Ilorin, the current capital of Kwara State, Nigeria, have for such a long time been at loggerheads over who should create ruler for the town.

The Yoruba individuals in Ilorin guaranteed that the seat ought to consistently have a Yoruba lord on the seat and sponsored this with recorded references which point Yoruba precursors as the organizers of Ilorin.

The Fulani segment of Ilorin thought of a counterclaim that no Yoruba ruler has ever been enthroned from the beginning, consequently the seat has a place with their (Fulani) ethnicity.

Be that as it may, history will never lie thus this is the genuine record of how Aare-Ona-Kakanfo Afonja lost Ilorin to the Fulani individuals of Northern Nigeria.


The historical backdrop of Ilorin put it as a Yoruba town which was initially utilized as a military station by the Alaafin, fundamental leader of the old Oyo realm (Oyo-Ile). At the time of creation, Ilorin was directed by Afonja, the 6th Are-Ona-Kakanfo (generalissimo) of the Oyo armed force and replacement of Are-Ona Oku of Jabata.

It was from this station Afonja completed military capacities for the then Alaafin named Aole, the child of Alaafin Abiodun.

Aole ruled somewhere in the range of 1789 and 1796. It was during this period that Shehu Alimi, a Fulani priest, showed up Ilorin with a portion of his tribesmen and were totally invited and facilitated by Afonja.

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Afonja’s Conflict With Alaafin Aole

Sooner or later, clash broke out between Alaafin Aole and Are-Ona Afonja. Alaafin Aole had requested Afonja to assault a town named Iwere-Ile which to Afonja was a self-destructive strategic he resolvedly won’t.

Iwere-Ile is the old neighborhood of Aole’s fatherly grandma and a previous Alaafin named Ajagbo had set reviles on any Kakanfo that endeavor to assault Iwere-Ile. These were the reasons Afonja defied Alaafin Aole’s requests.

While still at contradiction, Alaafin Aole, likewise called Arogangan (generally deciphered as the mean one), requested Afonja to assault Apomu, a noticeable town in Ile-Ife; this was in 1795. The difference warmed up to the point that the two sides came about to waste things out with brutality.

Now, Afonja looked for the help of Shehu Alimi otherwise called Salih Janta who had both otherworldly and military force. On his way from the Apomu campaign, Afonja halted at Oyo-Ile to manage Alaafin Aole. Afonja sent an unfilled calabash to Aole implying his dismissal as the Alaafin and as indicated by the traditions of Oyo, he was to end it all at such and he did.

Before Aole ended his life, he played out a custom and reviled the whole Yoruba land that their children and little girls will be taken as slaves and offered to various pieces of the world.

Many trust Aole’s revile dove Yoruba land into a progression of between inborn wars that broke out in following years, for example, the Kiriji war, Egba-Dahomey war, Ibadan-Ijaye war, etc.

Aole was prevailing by Adebo who controlled from 1796 to 1797; Maku succeeded Adebo and furthermore managed for barely any months prior to his demise in 1797. From 1797 to 1802, the Oyo seat was empty. It was in 1802 that Alaafin Majotu was delegated and it was during his rule that Are-Ona-Kakanfo lost Ilorin to the Fulani.

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The Death Of Afonja And The Establishment Of Emir Throne In Ilorin

Subsequent to overcoming Aole, Afonja and Alimi’s relationship fortified to the degree that Afonja enrolled Alimi’s men into his military and disbanded a considerable lot of his men whom history guaranteed he didn’t completely trust. Accidental to Afonja, the Fulanis were bit by bit penetrating his military and before he could understand, it was past the point of no return.

This was after Sheu Alimi’s passing. His child, Abdulsalam, sincerely longed to control Ilorin and furtively plotted against Afonja. In 1824, Abdulsalam’s men shot Afonja bolts till he inhaled his last. He was shot such huge numbers of bolts that his dead body stayed suspended in an upstanding situation for quite a while.

After Afonja’s passing, Abdulsalam pronounced himself the Emir of Ilorin and swore loyalty to Sokoto Caliphate. This was the manner by which the ruler of Ilorin hold the title of Emir till today rather than Oba or some other Yoruba title for a lord.

A short time later, the Yorubas endeavored to recapture control of Ilorin from the Fulani jammas however fizzled. Toyeje, the replacement of Afonja, drove the first and second endeavors to drive the Fulani individuals out of Ilorin.

The subsequent endeavor is referred to in history as Mugbamugba war in which Yoruba individuals endured UNTOLD DEFEAT in the endeavor to recapture the seat of Ilorin.