After the main military upset that introduced Major-General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi (1924-1966) as the primary military Head of State of the nation on January 16, 1966, the Northern troopers had begun arranging, by May 1966, the retribution of their pioneers who had been killed in January.

194 days subsequent to getting to work, Aguiyi-Ironsi was killed in a Northern counter-upset on July 29, 1966, and for three days, the country had no pioneer until Lt. Col. Yakubu Gowon (b.1934) was introduced on August 1, 1966.

The quick noteworthiness of the subsequent upset was that it constrained an arrival to an ethnic equalization inside the Army as neither the significant ethnic gatherings, Hausa or Yoruba, was put in power yet a minor ethnic gathering from the Northern Region in present-day Plateau State.

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In the disarray that followed the second rebellion, the slim certainty that stayed between the Igbo and the Northerners was broken. Unsettling influences broke out in the East yet considerably more so in the North after August 1, 1966.

September 24, 1966, was set apart by genuine unsettling influences in a few Northern urban areas where a huge number of Southern regular folks, for the most part of Igbo cause, were allegedly ambushed and many executed. Northern specialists forced first light to-sunset curfews on the urban communities. After six days on September 30, far reaching brutality again emitted after 25 Easterners were taken shots at the Kano Airport by Northern warriors positioned there.

The mass killings of Igbo in the North were a wretched demonstration that was denounced by Nigerians, including the Military Governors.

With the counter-upset of July 29, 1966, the political advancement of Nigeria’s government structure went in a new direction. It was highlighted much more by the way that the Eastern Region Government in Enugu quickly undermined severance if certain complaints and requests were not met.

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The prompt worry of the Federal Government, in this way, was for it to discover approaches to pacify the East insofar as such concessions were inside the system of one Nigeria.


In any case, the Eastern Military Governor, Lt. Col. Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu (1933-2011), would not leave the East for any gathering anyplace in Nigeria since, he asserted, he was undependable outside the East.

The Federal Government also contended that the Nigerian chief ought to likewise not go toward the East for a gathering. His life, they additionally guaranteed, was undependable there either. Strain mounted and Lieutenant-General Joseph Arthur Ankrah (1915-1992) of Ghana offered an unbiased gathering place. The setting was Aburi, Ghana.